If you are in the shop to buy a new router, all technical jargon and confusing words will confuse you with ease. Let’s take a look at how we make it easy for someone who’s trying to buy a new WiFi router!
What Is the Meaning of 802?
The Wi-Fi system we know is, in principle, working on standards called IEEE 802.11. This system is updated every few years to set different standards. To illustrate this, 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g … can be called the 2G, 3G, 4G of the cellular world. As you may have noticed, these standards are not as simple as 2G, 3Gs. To explore and improve this issue, the Wifi alliance has recently proposed a new generation of naming options for WiFi, which in future will often include terms such as wifi 5, wifi 6 instead of 802.11n, 802.11ac.
- Wi-Fi 6 devices that support 802.11ax technology
- Wi-Fi 5 to identify devices that support 802.11ac technology
- Wi-Fi 4 to identify devices that support 802.11n technology
If you’re buying the device you want now, it’s probably using 802.11n waveform for 2.4GHz wireless and 802.11ac wave 2 for 5GHz wireless. In fact, a newer 802.11ax standard is available today, but it is at an early stage, and currently 11ax wifi is not available for the end consumer.
One of the standards that is out of the standard is 802.11ad, which operates at 60 GHz and provides high bandwidths, but is capable of operating in a very narrow and small range. If you’re looking for a high-bandwidth wireless internet connection in a room in your home, the 802.11ad router is for you.
Wifi Router Speed
Routers AC1300, AC1900, and so on. You may see advertised speeds of 2200mbps or 1300mbps, but you should know that this is the maximum theoretical bandwidth that the access point can provide; that is, the sum of all the bandwidths provided by all the wifi radio signals contained therein. For instance, let’s suppose we have a router with the following internal features.
- One 5GHz 11ac Radio with 3 spatial streams providing 1300Mbps bandwidth
- One 2.4GHz 11n radio with 4 spatial streams with 600Mbps bandwidth
As the example above, the router can provide a maximum of 1900 Mbps of bandwidth as the reported speed. AC indicates that the device is 802.11ac compatible.
Unfortunately, you can never reach speeds as high as advertised or promised with a single router, because you can only connect to one group at a time. These are actually only theoretical speeds.
Another factor that emerges when we look at the effective efficiency power is the spatial flows of the station we connect to the router. If the 802.11n chip on our notebook has 2 spatial streams, it can provide 4 spatial streams AP 600Mbps, but the maximum efficiency we can achieve is 300Mbps.
Wifi Router Mesh
Another common problem faced by consumers using wifi in large and multi-storey houses is the range problem. Unfortunately, the same efficiency cannot be obtained from the wireless internet throughout the house. In the past, repeater devices were the only option to solve this problem. However, with the new meshing technology, they are trying to solve these and similar problems and provide some additional features.
Every seller has their own specific manner of executing the work, which is an issue; on the off chance that you have one access point from merchant An, and another from seller B, you can’t make these to cooperate. Understanding this issue wifi coalition thought of standard method for entire home inclusion called simple work. We have begun to see gadgets accompany simple work support, and numerous sellers have been pushing updates to help these highlights.
The idea with the entire home inclusion work gadgets is basic; Have a fundamental router (gateway) associated with the Internet Service supplier and the different access points interfaces with this primary router wirelessly growing the range like the range extenders used to do.
Many suppliers and manufacturers offer some of the features of enterprise networks, such as load balancing, band routing (moving customers to a better group, usually 5GHz). The good thing, however, is that they did not complicate the initial router setup process, which is almost as easy as pressing the buttons on the extender AP.
Wifi Router Antennas
Many people have the idea that having more antennas in their minds means having a better range, although in a way it’s true.
Let us imagine the antenna as a candle with a certain coverage in our head, keeping many candles together may increase the intensity of light in the area, but does not extend the overall area coverage, ie the range. Manufacturers are trying all kinds of antenna technology to increase the range, for instance, they can use directional antennas.
However, there is a significant advantage of having multiple antennas to improve manufacturers’ coverage. Each antenna represents a data stream from the router, where the important point is that more flow means more efficiency.
Wifi Router Bands
Bands are range portions specifically frequencies. Bands resemble streets on which the wifi bundles can travel, we have the 2.4GHz band, the 5GHz band and the 60GHz band. 2.4 GHz band is the thin one with complete bandwidth of 72 Mhz and that differs relying upon the district you’re in. 5GHz band offers enormous bandwidths contrasted with the 2.4GHz. With such a significant number of different advances in the 2.4GHz band like bluetooth and immense number of gadgets in the 2.4GHz band, its liked to have our access point working in the 5GHz band. The new band opened up for Wifi is the 60GHz band for 802.11ad having considerably more bandwidth than the 5GHz.
You can see that the new devices are advertising for Dual band, Tri band support. Understandably supporting 2.4 and 5 for dual band; 2.4, 5 and 60 GHz band for three bands. However, some manufacturers are trying to experiment with interesting methods, such as splitting the 5GHz band and having three wifi radios to use them simultaneously. With the 11ax around the corner, we’ll soon be seeing 6GHz bands.
Cloud Managed Access Points
Now and then all we need from wifi routers is just to work without confusion over things like firmware updates and security. This is where cloud access points prove to be useful. Each functionality will be provided by vendors in the cloud. Most access points include some additional benefits, such as review to better understand our customers. Likewise, it is normal to see devices that determine interruptions and emphasize expectations and to warn us in such cases. We see the basics as they enter the cloud, and access points controlled by the clouds can then be the best approach.